Maten och vetenskapen. Näringslära, kostvanestudier och socialpolitik ca 1880-1960
2005 (Swedish)In: Lychnos : årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria: Tema: Mat / [ed] Sven Widmalm och Roger Qvarsell (gästredaktör), Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2005, 219-244 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
The science of nutrition, social surveys and social policy in Sweden, c. 1880–1960. By Roger Qvarsell. In the late 1880s, the new nutritional science was introduced in Sweden, foremost at the Karolinska institute in Stockholm and with the physiologist Robert Tigerstedt as the driving force. He organized both experimental studies on human metabolism and social research concerning the eating habits among members of the working class. During the following decades, several studies concerning food supply and eating habits among the woodmen, living in cabins or shacks a long way from home during the winter season, was carried out. As it was very difficult to get new supplies, their eating habits were totally under control, and the scientific conditions for the studies closely resembled experimental research.
In the 1930s these studies ended in governmental support for the building of better lodgings and the employment of female housekeepers. But at the same time new problems with the eating habits among the population were identified, most of these concerning the families with low income and many children. And after the Second World War, the new knowledge about the relationship between consumption of fat and heart diseases once again changed the role of medicine in the discussion of eating habits. It is almost impossible to evaluate the role of the nutritional science for the food and social policy during this period of modernization of Swedish society. But this story of the close relationship between science and politics should be seen as just one example of the role of scientific ideals and methods in the ambitious striving for a more rational and modern social policy during this period.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2005. 219-244 p.
Linköping University Interdisciplinary Studies, ISSN 1650-9625 ; 5
, Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33009Local ID: 18969ISBN: 91-85286-55-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33009DiVA: diva2:253832