Glyceryl trinitrate-induced angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in healthy volunteers is dependent on ACE genotype
2005 (English)In: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, ISSN 0008-4212, Vol. 83, no 12, 1117-1122 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Evidence concerning the importance of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) genotype in cardiovascular diseases is accumulating. The aim of this study was to investigate if nitric oxide (NO), generated from glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), affects human serum ACE activity in vivo, and if so, whether this effect was dependent on ACE genotype and (or) reflected in blood pressure reduction. A tablet containing 5 mg GTN was bucally administered for 5 minutes to 17 healthy volunteers. Blood pressure (BP) was recorded, and serum ACE activity, ACE genotype, and plasma cGMP was analyzed. GTN administration significantly reduced BP only in individuals with the deletion/deletion (DD) genotype. Sixty minutes after GTN administration, serum ACE activity was reduced in individuals with the insertion/insertion (II) and insertion/deletion (ID) genotypes, but not the DD genotype. Comparing the change in ACE activity over time between the genotypes resulted in the following: II vs. DD, p < 0.01, II vs. ID, p < 0.05, and ID vs. DD, p < 0.05. There was no significant difference in plasma cGMp content neither between the ACE genotypes nor before and after GTN administration. In conclusion, GTN inhibits serum ACE in vivo in individuals with the II and ID, but not the DD genotype. © 2005 NRC Canada.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 83, no 12, 1117-1122 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33150DOI: 10.1139/y05-118Local ID: 19130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33150DiVA: diva2:253973