A systemic traffic accident model
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Accident models are essential for all efforts in safety engineering. They influence the investigation and analysis of accidents, the assessment of systems and the development of precautions. Looking at accident statistics, the trend for Swedish roads is not pointing towards increased safety. Instead, the number of fatalities and accidents remains stable, and the number of injuries is increasing. This thesis proposes that this deterioration of road safety is due to the utilization of inadequate traffic accident models. The purpose of the thesis is to develop an adequate traffic accident model. This is done in two steps. The first step is to identify a proper type of general accident model. The second step is to adapt the general accident model to road traffic. Two reviews are made for this purpose. The first review identifies different categories of accident models. The second review surveys eleven existing traffic accident models. The results of these surveys suggest that an adequate accident model for modern road safety should be based on the systemic accident model. Future work will focus on the development of a risk assessment method for road traffic based on the systemic accident model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2005. , 75 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1171
trafikolyckor, trafiksäkerhet, traffic safety, traffic accidents
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33209Local ID: 19196ISBN: 91-85299-65-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33209DiVA: diva2:254032
2005-08-19, John von Neumann seminarierum, Hus B, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 00:00 (Swedish)