Hyperarousal, depression and quality of life - Validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the Hyperarousal Scale
2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 20, no 1, 58-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: Research focusing on hyperarousability in association with general sensitivity to stress has increased. This study aimed to: (i) describe values for self-reported hyperarousal behaviour traits, depression, sleeplessness behaviour and health-related quality of life [The Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36)] in a gender-stratified random sample from the Swedish population, and (ii) test the validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the Hyperarousal Behavioural Trait Scale (H-scale). Methods: In this study, 402 women and 391 men from Sweden were included. A test-retest study was performed on 297 subjects. Results: The total mean score on the H-scale was 29.5 (SD 10.0, 95% CI 28.8-30.2). Compared to men, women scored higher on the H-scale (total score, sub-scales and many items), whereas no evidence of an age trend was seen. The H-scale has proven to be a valid and reliable scale. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed similar magnitude and direction between the H-scale and the Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale, as between the H-scale and the Vicious Cycle of Sleeplessness Behaviour Scale, Vitality, Mental Health and the Mental Component Summary index on the SF-36 respectively. The Cronbach's alpha for the H-scale was 0.84 and estimated stability test-retest point of time varies between 0.73 and 0.80. Conclusions: This study indicates gender differences in response style in association with altered health-related quality of life. The H-scale is a valid and reliable self-reported scale for measuring hyperarousal behavioural trait research outcome in clinical practice. © 2006 Nordic College of Caring Science.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 20, no 1, 58-67 p.
arousal, quality of life, depression, sleep, stress, gender, attention, fatigue, women
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33451DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2006.00381.xLocal ID: 19471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33451DiVA: diva2:254274