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Hyperarousal, depression and quality of life - Validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the Hyperarousal Scale
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Tema Health and Society.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Cardiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Cardiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2608-2062
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2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 20, no 1, 58-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Research focusing on hyperarousability in association with general sensitivity to stress has increased. This study aimed to: (i) describe values for self-reported hyperarousal behaviour traits, depression, sleeplessness behaviour and health-related quality of life [The Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36)] in a gender-stratified random sample from the Swedish population, and (ii) test the validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the Hyperarousal Behavioural Trait Scale (H-scale). Methods: In this study, 402 women and 391 men from Sweden were included. A test-retest study was performed on 297 subjects. Results: The total mean score on the H-scale was 29.5 (SD 10.0, 95% CI 28.8-30.2). Compared to men, women scored higher on the H-scale (total score, sub-scales and many items), whereas no evidence of an age trend was seen. The H-scale has proven to be a valid and reliable scale. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed similar magnitude and direction between the H-scale and the Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale, as between the H-scale and the Vicious Cycle of Sleeplessness Behaviour Scale, Vitality, Mental Health and the Mental Component Summary index on the SF-36 respectively. The Cronbach's alpha for the H-scale was 0.84 and estimated stability test-retest point of time varies between 0.73 and 0.80. Conclusions: This study indicates gender differences in response style in association with altered health-related quality of life. The H-scale is a valid and reliable self-reported scale for measuring hyperarousal behavioural trait research outcome in clinical practice. © 2006 Nordic College of Caring Science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 20, no 1, 58-67 p.
Keyword [en]
arousal, quality of life, depression, sleep, stress, gender, attention, fatigue, women
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33451DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2006.00381.xLocal ID: 19471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33451DiVA: diva2:254274
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13

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Edell-Gustafsson, UllaCarstensen, JohnSwahn, EvaSvanborg, Eva

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Edell-Gustafsson, UllaCarstensen, JohnSwahn, EvaSvanborg, Eva
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Faculty of Health SciencesNursing ScienceFaculty of Arts and SciencesTema Health and SocietyCardiologyDepartment of CardiologyClinical NeurophysiologyDepartment of Neurophysiology UHL
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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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