On the importance of congruence between psychiatric staff and patient about the patient's status.
2000 (English)In: International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing Research, ISSN 0968-0624, Vol. 5, no 3, 622-637 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study explores the usefulness of a method for comparing the congruence of the staff's and the patients' perceptions of the patients' well-being. At a psychiatric rehabilitation clinic, a comparison was made between the patients' and the staff's views of the patients' well-being. The staff and the patients completed questionnaires about the patients' well-being on ten occasions during a 5-year period. Through a principal components analysis of the questionnaire scores, two conceptually similar dimensions (health-illness, and contact-distance) were identified on each set of scores. The staff and patient ratings on the two dimensions could thus be compared. During the time of the study, a reorganisation of the clinic was made. This made it possible to compare older and newer units. The results indicated that the staff at long-existing units rated the patients' health as lower than the patients did, whereas the staff at newer units rated the patients' health as better than the patients did. The staff at units where the patients lived in their own apartments saw the patients as less contact-seeking than the patients did, and the staff at in-patient units saw the patients as more contact-seeking than the patients did. The two-dimensional PC-models made it possible to visually illustrate the developments for three individual patients. The results thus showed that the method is useful for research purposes as well as for clinical evaluations. In the final section, problems and assets of the method are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 5, no 3, 622-637 p.
National CategorySocial Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33526Local ID: 19551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33526DiVA: diva2:254349