Problem-based medical education: development of a theoretical foundation and a science-based professional attitude
1997 (English)In: Medical Education, ISSN 0308-0110, E-ISSN 1365-2923, Vol. 31, no 6, 416-424 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Problem-based learning, combined with early patient contact, integration between different subject areas, elements of multiprofessional education, and special emphasis on the development of communications skills has become the basis for the medical curriculum at the Faculty of Health Sciences in Linköping. Critics have questioned the depth of the scientific and theoretical aspects of the curriculum. Through a series of specific measures in the organization of the curriculum and examinations, and due to the pedagogical principles involved per se, our claim is that students graduating at Linköping do possess the required theoretical knowledge and a scientific attitude to the practice of medicine, at least equivalent to that obtained in a more conventional medical curriculum. One such specific measure is that all students perform one field study and two scientific studies during the course of the curriculum. An investigation of student opinions regarding the value of performing scientific projects of their own have shown that these projects have had a positive impact on the students' general scientific attitude and their willingness to engage in future scientific work. The specific skills acquired, as confirmed by oral examinations, were largely determined by the scientific nature of the chosen field of study. Our graduates have not yet progressed far enough in their careers for comparisons to be made on the basis of the Swedish Licensing Board Internship Examinations, but continuing evaluations of students, graduates and licensed doctors emerging from the curriculum will provide future evi-dence as to whether our present evaluation is correct.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 31, no 6, 416-424 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33614DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2923.1997.00690.xLocal ID: 19648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33614DiVA: diva2:254437