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Factors and interventions influencing health-related quality of life in patients with heart failure: A review of the literature
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Cardiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Cardiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7431-2873
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Cardiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Cardiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6353-8041
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
2006 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, Vol. 5, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Because of the lack of a cure for patients with chronic heart failure (HF), there has been a progressive interest in the use of health-related quality of life (Hr-QoL) as complementary end-point to mortality and morbidity. Aim: The aim of this review was from a nursing perspective to describe Hr-QoL and the influencing factors of Hr-QoL, as well as to identify interventions aimed at influencing Hr-QoL in HF patients. Method: Medline, Cinahl and PsycInfo databases were searched from 1995 to 2004. A total of 58 papers were included. Results: HF symptoms and activity status influence Hr-QoL negatively. However, several individual characteristics such as personality, gender and age must also be taken into consideration because different values might exist regarding what constitutes a good Hr-QoL. Nurse led interventions based on education, support and exercise can influence Hr-QoL positively. There is also a need of more studies about the effects of depression, sleep disturbances, support as well as education on Hr-QoL. There is also a need of exercise studies with larger sample sizes and older patients in higher NYHA classes. Conclusion: Several individual factors impact Hr-QoL, therefore, must nursing interventions are individually adapted to the patient's resources. © 2005 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 5, no 1
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33766DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2005.04.011Local ID: 19817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33766DiVA: diva2:254589
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-09-26

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Johansson, PeterDahlström, UlfBroström, Anders

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