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Critique and Visualization as decision support for mass-casualty emergency management
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
VSL Research Labs, Linköpings, Sweden.
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the Second International ISCRAM Conference, Brussels, Belgium: Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium , 2005, 155- p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Emergency management in highly dynamic situations consists of exploring options to solve a planning problem. This task can be supported through the use of visual cues that are based on domain knowledge of the current domain. We present an approach to use visualization of critical constraints in timelines and hierarchical views as decision support in mass-casualty emergency situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brussels, Belgium: Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium , 2005. 155- p.
Keyword [en]
Decision support, crisis management, visualization
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33968Local ID: 20133ISBN: 9076971099 (print)ISBN: 9789076971094 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-33968DiVA: diva2:254816
Conference
Second International ISCRAM Conference. Brussels, Belgium. April 18-20 2005.
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-18
In thesis
1. User-centric critiquing in command and control: the DKExpert and ComPlan approaches
Open this publication in new window or tab >>User-centric critiquing in command and control: the DKExpert and ComPlan approaches
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes two approaches for using critiquing as decision support for military mission planning. In our work, we have drawn from both human-centered research as well as results on decision support systems research for military mission planning when devising approaches for knowledge acquisition and decision support for mission planning.

Our two approaches build on a common set of requirements which have been developed as the consequence of both literature analyses as well as interview studies. In short, these criteria state that critiquing systems should be developed with transparency, ease of use and integration in traditional work flow in mind. The use of these criteria is illustrated in two approaches to decision support in two different settings: a collaborative real-time war-gaming simulation and a planning tool for training mission commanders.

Our first approach is demonstrated by the DKExpert system, in which end-users can create feedback mechanisms for their own needs when playing a two-sided war-game scenario in the DKE simulation environment. In DKExpert, users can choose to trigger feedback during the game by instructing a rule engine to recognize critical situations. Our second approach, ComPlan, builds on the insights on knowledge and planning representation gained from DKExpert and introduces an explicit representation of planning operations, thereby allowing for better analysis of planning operations and user-controlled feedback. ComPlan also demonstrates a design for critiquing support systems that respects the traditional work practice of mission planners while allowing for intelligent analysis of military plans. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2007. 76 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1309
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-38256 (URN)43288 (Local ID)978-91-85715-15-2 (ISBN)43288 (Archive number)43288 (OAI)
Presentation
2007-05-21, Visionen, Hus B, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-18

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Leifler, Ola

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf