The effect of cystic cavities on deep brain stimulation in the basal ganglia: A simulation-based study
2006 (English)In: Journal of Neural Engineering, ISSN 1741-2560, Vol. 3, no 2, 132-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Although the therapeutic effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) is well recognized, a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms responsible is still not known. In this study finite element method (FEM) modelling and simulation was used in order to study relative changes of the electrical field extension surrounding a monopolar DBS electrode positioned in grey matter. Due to the frequently appearing cystic cavities in the DBS-target globus pallidus internus, a nucleus of grey matter with and without a cerebrospinal fluid filled cystic cavity was modelled. The position, size and shape of the cyst were altered in relation to the electrode. The simulations demonstrated an electrical field around the active element with decreasing values in the radial direction. A stepwise change was present at the edge between grey and white matters. The cyst increased the radial extension and changed the shape of the electrical field substantially. The position, size and shape of the cyst were the main influencing factors. We suggest that cystic cavities in the DBS-target may result in closely related unexpected structures or neural fibre bundles being stimulated and could be one of the reasons for suboptimal clinical effects or stimulation-induced side effects. © 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 3, no 2, 132-138 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34125DOI: 10.1088/1741-2560/3/2/007Local ID: 20869OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34125DiVA: diva2:254973