Thermal stability and age hardening of supersaturated AlCrN hard coatings
2007 (English)In: International Heat Treatment & Surface Engineering, ISSN 1749-5148, Vol. 1, no 2, 75-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During advanced machining processes (high speed and dry cutting), the temperature at the cutting edge can exceed 1000°C. For modern protective hard coatings, thermal stability is of major interest. Equally important are superior mechanical properties, such as hardness, remaining at a high level over a wide temperature range. AlCrN coatings perform well in cutting tests and show excellent oxidation resistance as well as good tribological behaviour. In this work, supersaturated cubic Al0.7Cr0.3N coatings deposited by cathodic arc evaporation are studied. The phase and microstructure evolution of the material is investigated up to 1450°C using a combination of differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, mass spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and analytical transmission electron microscopy. During annealing up to 925°C, hexagonal AlN precipitates are formed at grain boundaries. At higher temperatures, a transformation of the remaining cubic AlCrN matrix into Cr via Cr2N takes place, accompanied by a release of nitrogen. After annealing up to 1450°C, the AlN grains coarsen and coalesce around the Cr and Cr2N grains. The results explain the superior cutting performance by the formation of precipitates, but also demonstrate the limitations in usage at high temperature regimes due to decomposition. Nevertheless, the substitution of Cr in the CrN lattice by Al has proven to increase the decomposition resistance significantly. Finally, nanoindentation experiments reveal that AlCrN coatings retain hardness beyond the stage of residual stress recovery up to 900°C, demonstrating an age hardening process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Maney Publishing, 2007. Vol. 1, no 2, 75-79 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34455DOI: 10.1179/174951507X193657Local ID: 21488OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34455DiVA: diva2:255303
Runner-up: Bodycote Prize Paper Competition