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Disease knowledge and adherence to treatment in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Internal Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology UHL.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Acute Internal Medicine.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, Vol. 21, no 2, 103-108 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is one of the most common genetic metabolic disorders and is associated with a high risk of premature coronary heart disease. Primary prevention directed at lifestyle changes, combined with preventive medical treatment, is the most important way to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease in individuals with FH. Knowledge about the condition and adherence to drug treatment may facilitate reaching treatment goals. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe disease knowledge and adherence to treatment in patients with FH. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four patients, more than 18 years of age, with FH were asked to participate. A questionnaire on disease knowledge about FH and adherence to drug treatment was sent to the patients. Response rate was 92% (n = 68). Drug treatment, laboratory results, blood pressure, and smoking were also documented. RESULTS: Most patients knew about cholesterol, prevention, and the reason for drug treatment but were less informed about the risk of genetic transmission and family history. No significant correlation was found between knowledge and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. A significant, negative correlation between adherence and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level was found (r = -.354, P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with FH had scant understanding about the risk of genetic transmission and family history. High adherence to drug prescription has significant correlation to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 21, no 2, 103-108 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34540Local ID: 21751OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34540DiVA: diva2:255388
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2011-01-11

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Hollman, GunillaOlsson, AndersEk, Anna-Christina

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Hollman, GunillaOlsson, AndersEk, Anna-Christina
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Faculty of Health SciencesNursing ScienceInternal MedicineDepartment of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology UHLDepartment of Acute Internal Medicine
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Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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