Pulse wave transit time for monitoring respiration rate
2006 (English)In: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, ISSN 0140-0118, Vol. 44, no 6, 471-478 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, we investigate the beat-to-beat respiratory fluctuations in pulse wave transit time (PTT) and its subcomponents, the cardiac pre-ejection period (PEP) and the vessel transit time (VTT) in ten healthy subjects. The three transit times were found to fluctuate in pace with respiration. When applying a simple breath detecting algorithm, 88% of the breaths seen in a respiration air-flow reference could be detected correctly in PTT. Corresponding numbers for PEP and VTT were 76 and 81%, respectively. The performance during hypo- and hypertension was investigated by invoking blood pressure changes. In these situations, the error rates in breath detection were significantly higher. PTT can be derived from signals already present in most standard monitoring set-ups. The transit time technology thus has prospects to become an interesting alternative for respiration rate monitoring. © International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 2006.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 44, no 6, 471-478 p.
Pulse wave transit time, Respiration rate, Respiration monitoring, Blood pressure, Photoplethysmography
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34605DOI: 10.1007/s11517-006-0064-yLocal ID: 22250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34605DiVA: diva2:255453