Mortality in a Swedish rubber tire manufacturing plant: Occupational risks or an "unhealthy worker" effect?
2006 (English)In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine, ISSN 0271-3586, Vol. 49, no 8, 617-623 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: In this cohort study a classification of 12 work categories, with specified common exposures, is used to evaluate the mortality among workers in a Swedish rubber tire plant. Methods: Mortality among the cohort members is compared with expected values from national rates. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated for the total cohort, for sub-cohorts and with the inclusion of a latency requirement. Results: Male workers had increased risks for total mortality, circulatory death, respiratory death, mental disorders, epilepsy, injuries/poisoning, and for alcohol-related death. Many risks were noted among workers exposed to dust, fumes, or vapor. No trend in risk with increasing duration of employment was seen. Discussion: Some established risks for rubber workers could be related to some specified work categories. The highest risks were noted among workers having a very short duration of employment indicating a possible "unhealthy worker effect" associated with life-style factors or to tasks offered to unskilled workers. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 49, no 8, 617-623 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34727DOI: 10.1002/ajim.20328Local ID: 22891OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34727DiVA: diva2:255575