A method for separation of overlapping partials based on similarity of temporal envelopes in multichannel mixtures
2006 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, ISSN 1558-7916, Vol. 14, no 3, 1051-1061 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In a situation where multiple sound sources are concurrently active, the signals of the individual sources often overlap in time and in frequency. This is particularly likely for voiced instruments where the frequencies of some of the partials of one single note coincide with the frequencies of some of the partials of another instrument playing a harmonically related note. A source separation algorithm suitable for musical applications must address the problem of overlapping partials. A method is proposed for the separation of overlapping narrow-band partials in multichannel mixtures. The method is based on the observation that, for many instruments, all the partials of a single note have similar temporal envelopes. For narrow band partials these similarities can be exploited in order to estimate demixing matrices in the frequency domain. Effectively, one can recover estimates of the original partials from a multichannel mixture where they overlap. The method is computationally efficient in that it works on highly downsampled narrow frequency bands. It performs well for closely spaced and colliding partials, and (to some extent) also for frequency modulations such as vibrato effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 14, no 3, 1051-1061 p.
acoustic signal processing, source sepraration
Engineering and Technology Signal Processing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34751DOI: 10.1109/TSA.2005.857574Local ID: 23076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34751DiVA: diva2:255599