Size of delivery unit and neonatal outcome in Sweden. A catchment area analysis
2006 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, Vol. 85, no 1, 63-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background. Quality of perinatal care was evaluated in relation to size of delivery unit and size of catchment area for deliveries. Methods. Neonatal outcome, measured as neonatal mortality, low Apgar scores at 5 min, and the occurrence of respiratory disorders and cerebral palsy was analyzed during a 15-year period from 1985 to 1999 inclusive. Figures were derived from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry and the Hospital Discharge Registry. Odds ratios were estimated for the different outcomes in relation to size of delivery unit (actual and estimated number of births) and the provision of a pediatric department at the hospital. Seven possible confounders were considered: year of birth, maternal age, parity, smoking during pregnancy, gestational age, parental cohabitation, and maternal body mass index. Results. Neonatal mortality was significantly higher for infants in families living within the catchment area of the smallest units without a pediatric department. Small differences in the occurrence of respiratory disturbances and Apgar scores are probably due to diagnostic differences. There were no differences in the incidence of cerebral palsy. Neonatal mortality continued to decrease during the observation period. Conclusions. Differences were minor, pointing to a fairly homogeneous quality of perinatal care and an efficient referral system for risk pregnancies. Mortality continues to decrease in spite of a reduction in the number of units caring for deliveries. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 85, no 1, 63-67 p.
Delivery unit, size, neonatal outcome
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34897DOI: 10.1080/00016340500324225Local ID: 23853OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-34897DiVA: diva2:255745