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Learning to talk and talking about talk: professional identity and communicative technology
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3033-9879
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
2007 (English)In: Medical Technologies and the Life World: The Social Construction of Normality / [ed] Sonja Olin-Lauritzen & Lars-Christer Hydén, London: Routledge , 2007, 18-39 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Although the use of new health technologies in healthcare and medicine is generally seen as beneficial, there has been little analysis of the impact of such technologies on people's lives and understandings of health and illness. This book explores how new technologies not only provide hope for cure and well-being, but also introduce new ethical dilemmas and raise questions about the "natural" body. Focusing on the ways new health technologies intervene into our lives and affect our ideas about normalcy, the body and identity, New Health Technologies explores: how new health technologies are understood by lay people and patients how the outcomes of these technologies are communicated in various clinical settings how these technologies can alter our notions of health and illness and create "new illness." Written by authors with differing backgrounds in phenomenology, social psychology, social anthropology, communication studies and the nursing sciences, this book is essential reading for students andacademics of medical sociology, health and allied studies, and anyone with an interest in new health technologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge , 2007. 18-39 p.
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35598Local ID: 27890ISBN: 04-1536-434-5ISBN: 978-04-1536-434-8OAI: diva2:256446
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-09-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Learning professional skills and attitudes: Medical students' attitudes towards communication skills andgroup learning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning professional skills and attitudes: Medical students' attitudes towards communication skills andgroup learning
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Medical education aims at forming students’ professional identity. This includes skills and attitudes such as communication and teamwork skills. One of the thesis’ aims is to identify students’ typical difficulties with learning communication skills, and to understand how these affect their identity development. Group discussions of student-patient interviews were video-taped, and selected discussions were transcribed and analyzed. Students had difficulties in establishing trustful relationships with their patients, asking about sensitive topics, responding empathetically, and with applying formal structures to the consultation. Students’ professional identity was supported by peer students’ and teachers’ comments, which created a common language and fostered selfmonitoring abilities. Another aim was to study the relationship between students* attitude towards communication training, group learning, and their self-regulatory skills. In a survey study, established instruments were combined with a new questionnaire. Four medical schools participated – two with traditional and two with problem-based curricula – in Sweden and Germany. Statistical analyses revealed that female students were more positive towards learning communication skills than male students were. Good self-regulatory skills were related to a positive attitude towards group learning and clinical experience before academic studies. It was concluded that early clinical experience benefits students’ selfregulated learning, and promotes a positive attitude towards communication training. Awareness of typical difficulties can facilitate the acquisition of coping strategies.

Abstract [sv]

Medicinsk undervisning syftar till att forma studenternas professionella identitet. Den omfattar färdigheter och inställningar, t.ex. kommunikationsfärdigheter och förmågan att arbeta i grupp. Ett av avhandlingens syften är att identifiera studenternas typiska svårigheter med att lära sig färdighet i läkar-patient kommunikation samt att förstå hur den påverkar identitetsutvecklingen. Gruppdiskussioner av student-patient intervjuer videofilmades, utvalda diskussioner transkriberades och analyserades. Studenterna berättade om svårigheter med att etablera förtroliga relationer med patienterna, att prata om känsliga ämnen, att visa empati och att använda intervjumallen. Den professionella identiten stöttas av studenternas och lärarnas kommentarer, vilka bidrar till ett gemensamt språk och förmågan till själviakttagelse. Andra syftet är att undersöka sambandet mellan studenternas inställningar till kommunikationsfärdigheter och grupparbete, samt deras förmåga till självreglerat lärande. I en enkätundersökning kombinerades befintliga instrument med ett nytt frågeformulär. Fyra medicinska fakulteter deltog: två med traditionella och två med problembaserade undervisningsmetoder, en av varje i Sverige och i Tyskland. Statistiska analyser visade att kvinnliga studenter är, jämfört med manliga, mer positiva till att träna upp kommunikativa färdigheter. Förmågan till självreglerat lärande var relaterad till en positiv inställning till gruppinlärande och till klinisk erfarenhet innan studierna påbörjas. Slutsatsen är att tidig klinisk erfarenhet fostrar självstyrt lärande och en positiv inställning till kommunikationsträning. Medvetenhet om typiska svårigheter kan underlätta för studenter att anamma strategier att hantera dessa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 100 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 565Linköping Dissertations on Health and Society, ISSN 1651-1646 ; 23
Attitudes; awareness of learning strategies; communication skills; group learning; patient-centeredness, problem-based learning; self-regulation, Grupplärande; kommunikationsfärdighet; medvetenhet om inlärnings strategier; patient orientering; problembaserat lärande; självstyrt lärande
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91722 (URN)978-91-7519-759-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-05-30, Eken, ingång 65, plan 9, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2013-04-30 Created: 2013-04-30 Last updated: 2013-09-04Bibliographically approved

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Hydén, Lars-ChristerLumma, Antje
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