The longitudinal course of post-traumatic stress after childbirth
2006 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 27, no 2, 113-119 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Post-traumatic stress was assessed in early and late pregnancy, and 1, 4, 7, and 11 months postpartum by means of questionnaires among 1224 women. Thirty-seven women (3%) had post-traumatic stress (meeting criteria B, C, and D for PTSD) at least once within 1–11 months postpartum. In pregnancy, depression, severe fear of childbirth, ‘pre’-traumatic stress, previous counseling related to pregnancy/childbirth, and self-reported previous psychological problems were associated with an increased risk of having post-traumatic stress within 1–11 months postpartum. Sum-scores of post-traumatic stress did not decrease over time among women who at least once had post-traumatic stress (criteria B, C, and D) within 1–11 months postpartum. Women with post-traumatic stress also showed a decrease in perceived social support over time postpartum.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 27, no 2, 113-119 p.
Post-traumatic stress, longitudinal course, depression, risk factors, pregnancy, postpartum
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35630DOI: 10.1080/01674820600712172Local ID: 28018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-35630DiVA: diva2:256478