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Reversible and controlled peripheral vestibular loss by continuous infusion of ropivacaine (Narop®) into the round window niche of rats
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
2006 (English)In: Neuroscience Letters, ISSN 0304-3940, Vol. 400, no 1-2, 16-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes a method for achieving a peripheral vestibular blockade in rats by instillation of local anaesthetics over the round window membrane through a permanently implanted cannula. Being rapidly reversible, the effect of the anaesthetic drug is easily controlled by a single continuous infusion, which can be repeated at any time. The method offers a unique opportunity to study the consequence of single or repeated transient vestibular loss without any use of general anaesthetics, which may be a severe confounding factor. Such studies might shed light on balance disorders related to permanent vestibular loss or episodic vestibular dysfunction. To evaluate the method, spontaneous horizontal eye movements were recorded during the first 4 h of continuous infusion. Unilateral infusion of ropivacaine gave rise to a high-frequency spontaneous nystagmus, reaching levels that have not been documented after a surgical labyrinthectomy under general anaesthesia. This vestibulo-oculomotor behaviour is consistent with a previous report using a single intratympanic instillation of lidocaine to achieve a short-lasting vestibular blockade. In the present study, it was demonstrated that the initial high-frequency nystagmus decreased during the first 100 min of infusion before stabilizing at the same level as recorded when the effect of general anaesthesia has worn off after a surgical ablation. When the transient vestibular blockade was repeated by a second infusion during the following day, the nystagmus frequency saturated on a significantly lower level than during the first blockade. Also, serial single infusions, with recovery between each functional vestibular loss, gave rise to a less severe nystagmus. It is suggested that this phenomenon is an expression of the behavioural concept of 'vestibular habituation', the neural substrate of which is rather unknown. © 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 400, no 1-2, 16-20 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35632DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2006.02.011Local ID: 28021OAI: diva2:256480
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2011-01-11

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Tham, Richard
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