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Diurnal saliva cortisol levels and relations to psychosocial factors in a population sample of middle-aged Swedish men and women
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Pain and Occupational Centre, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Centre.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences, Centre for Public Health Sciences.
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, Vol. 13, no 3, 193-200 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Whereas psychosocial risk factors increase the risk for disease, psychosocial resources reduce this risk. To examine a possible pathway for these effects, the relations between saliva cortisol levels and psychosocial factors were studied in a random sample of 257 men and women aged 30 to 64 years. Saliva samples were collected at home on waking, 30 min after waking, and in the evening. A flatter diurnal rhythm of cortisol, that is, lower deviations between awakening and evening cortisol levels, was related to high levels of psychosocial risk factors (cynicism, depression, and vital exhaustion), whereas a steeper diurnal rhythm was related to psychosocial resources (social support and coping), general health, and well-being (all p < .05). Our results support earlier suggestions that the capacity of the hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal-axis to dynamically respond to stress is 1 pathway for observed effects of psychosocial factors regarding risk for disease development. Copyright © 2006 by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 13, no 3, 193-200 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35727Local ID: 28328OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-35727DiVA: diva2:256575
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2011-01-11

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Sjögren, ElaineLeanderson, PerKristenson, Margareta

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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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