Diurnal saliva cortisol levels and relations to psychosocial factors in a population sample of middle-aged Swedish men and women
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, Vol. 13, no 3, 193-200 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Whereas psychosocial risk factors increase the risk for disease, psychosocial resources reduce this risk. To examine a possible pathway for these effects, the relations between saliva cortisol levels and psychosocial factors were studied in a random sample of 257 men and women aged 30 to 64 years. Saliva samples were collected at home on waking, 30 min after waking, and in the evening. A flatter diurnal rhythm of cortisol, that is, lower deviations between awakening and evening cortisol levels, was related to high levels of psychosocial risk factors (cynicism, depression, and vital exhaustion), whereas a steeper diurnal rhythm was related to psychosocial resources (social support and coping), general health, and well-being (all p < .05). Our results support earlier suggestions that the capacity of the hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal-axis to dynamically respond to stress is 1 pathway for observed effects of psychosocial factors regarding risk for disease development. Copyright © 2006 by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 13, no 3, 193-200 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35727Local ID: 28328OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-35727DiVA: diva2:256575