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Surface electromyography and peak torque of repetitive maximum isokinetic plantar flexions in relation to aspects of muscle morphology
Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Department of Physical Education and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Neurology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Rehabilitation Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Pain and Occupational Centre, Pain and Rehabilitation Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, ISSN 1050-6411, E-ISSN 1873-5711, Vol. 16, no 3, 281-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the relationships between surface electromyography (EMG [Mean frequency of the power spectrum (MNF)]) and peak torque variables obtained during 100 maximum concentric plantar flexions with the right limb at 60° s−1 and different muscle morphological variables. Surface EMG was recorded from the right gastrocnemius lateralis and muscle biopsies were taken from the same site as the EMG electrodes were positioned. Muscle fibre area and fibre type composition were determined on serial muscle cross sections using both histochemistry (myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase) and immunohistochemistry (monoclonal antibodies against specific myosin heavy chain isoforms). Forty-three female and nine male students participated in the study. Gastrocnemius lateralis contained predominantly type I fibres (50%) and type IIA fibres (40%) in both sexes and large individual differences were found. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used for the intercorrelation analyses, and projection to latent structures (PLS) was used for the multivariate regression analysis. MNF correlated positively with different fibre areas and with the proportion of type I fibres. Fibre areas and sex were the most important factors in the regression of maximum peak torque. High proportion of type I fibres and sex were the most important regressors of peak torque endurance normalised for lean body mass.

More studies are needed to understand the complex interrelationships between intrinsic muscle properties and the frequency content of the surface EMG before theoretical models can be formulated that incorporate both fibre areas and fibre type proportions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 16, no 3, 281-290 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35931DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2005.07.009Local ID: 29091OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-35931DiVA: diva2:256779
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2012-09-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Evaluation of surface electromyography and aspects of muscle strength in persons without motor impairment and in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of surface electromyography and aspects of muscle strength in persons without motor impairment and in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Impaired muscle function significantly affects persons with Cerebral Palsy (CP), affects that include muscle strength, fatigue and endurance. This thesis evaluates a test method, an endurance test, and estimates aspects of muscle fatigue and muscle endurance in persons without impaired muscle function and in children with CP. The test is preformed during dynamic movements and uses an isokinetic dynamometer and surface electromyography (SEMG). In persons without muscle impairment, muscle strength variables with simultaneous SEMG recordings during fatigue knee extensions test are evaluated with respect to reliability and validity. The endurance test consisted of 100 concentric maximum muscle contractions. SEMG were investigated in the agonist and the antagonist muscle. The SEMG variables mean frequency (MNF) and root mean square (RMS) were calculated. The relationship between maximal muscle strength variables, SEMG, and muscle morphology were investigated in healthy participants during plantar flexions. Muscle strength, muscle fatigue, and muscle endurance in children with CP, and in a control group, were examined together with SEMG recordings during knee extensions. Activity level in the children with CP was estimated using Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS).

In healthy young and middle-aged subjects, it is highly reliable to test concentric muscle strength and endurance with isokinetic dynamo meters at moderate movement velocity. The reliability was high for the SEMG variables MNF and RMS of the agonist but low for the antagonist muscle. MNF is the SEMG variable describing fatigue with respect to the decrease in peak torque during repeated maximum concentric dynamic contractions. MNF correlated with the fibre area and the proportion of Type I muscle fibres during the endurance test of plantar flexors. Area of Type II muscle fibres and sex were the most important factors contributing to muscle strength during plantar flexion. The Proportion of Type I muscle fibres and area of Type I were the most important factors for high muscle endurance level.

Generally, the affected leg in children with hemiplegic CP was significantly weaker than the less-affected leg, and RMS values were higher for the agonists of the less-affected leg than for the affected leg. The children were divided in two groups, a younger and an older group. At the endurance level, the younger children with hemiplegic CP were as strong as the young children in the control group and there were no difference between the affected and the less affected leg. The older children with CP had impaired maximum muscle strength and endurance strength compared to the control group. The children with CP did not improve strength with increasing age; instead, high values of GMFM correlated with muscle strength.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2005. 58 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 882
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-29556 (URN)14928 (Local ID)91-7373-860-3 (ISBN)14928 (Archive number)14928 (OAI)
Public defence
2005-02-04, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2012-09-28Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, BarbroLindvall, BjörnGerdle, Björn

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