Sequence determinants for the reaction specificity of murine (12R)-lipoxygenase: Targeted substrate modification and site-directed mutagenesis
2005 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, Vol. 280, no 44, 36633-36641 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mammalian lipoxygenases (LOXs) are categorized with respect to their positional specificity of arachidonic acid oxygenation. Site-directed mutagenesis identified sequence determinants for the positional specificity of these enzymes, and a critical amino acid for the stereoselectivity was recently discovered. To search for sequence determinants of murine (12R)-LOX, we carried out multiple amino acid sequence alignments and found that Phe390, Gly441, Ala455, and Val631 align with previously identified positional determinants of S-LOX isoforms. Multiple site-directed mutagenesis studies on Phe390 and Ala455 did not induce specific alterations in the reaction specificity, but yielded enzyme species with reduced specific activities and stereo random product patterns. Mutation of Gly441 to Ala, which caused drastic alterations in the reaction specificity of other LOX isoforms, failed to induce major alterations in the positional specificity of mouse (12R)-LOX, but markedly modified the enantioselectivity of the enzyme. When Val631, which aligns with the positional determinant He593 of rabbit 15-LOX, was mutated to a less space-filling residue (Ala or Gly), we obtained an enzyme species with augmented catalytic activity and specifically altered reaction characteristics (major formation of chiral (11R)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid methyl ester). The importance of Val631 for the stereo control of murine (12R)-LOX was confirmed with other substrates such as methyl linoleate and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid methyl ester. These data identify Val 631 as the major sequence determinant for the specificity of murine (12R)-LOX. Furthermore, we conclude that substrate fatty acids may adopt different catalytically productive arrangements at the active site of murine (12R)-LOX and that each of these arrangements may lead to the formation of chiral oxygenation products. © 2005 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 280, no 44, 36633-36641 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35965DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M508260200Local ID: 29136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-35965DiVA: diva2:256813