Combinations of common chronic paediatric diseases deviate the immune response in diverging directions
2006 (English)In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, Vol. 146, no 3, 433-442 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The cytokine pattern of T lymphocytes has not been characterized in children with combinations of paediatric immunological disorders. We describe cytokine secretion in children with type 1 diabetes, coeliac disease and allergy and combinations of two of these diseases after stimulation with 'disease-specific' antigens. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected from 68 children with type 1 diabetes, allergy or coeliac disease, two of these diseases in combination or none of these diseases. Using the enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) technique, interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-4 were analysed from fresh PBMC spontaneously and after in vitro stimulation with antigens associated with one or more of these diseases (insulin, gluten, birch and cat extract, β-lactoglobulin, ovalbumin and phytohaemagglutinin) in order to divide T helper (Th)1- from Th2-like lymphocytes. Stimulation with birch and cat extract caused increased IL-4 secretion in allergic children. A low IFN-γ response to insulin was found in type 1 diabetic children, whereas allergic children responded to insulin by increased IL-4 secretion. Children suffering from both type 1 diabetes (Th1-prone) and allergy (Th2-prone) reacted distinctly to general mitogen stimulation. Children suffering from two Th1-dominated diseases (type 1 diabetes and coeliac disease) showed hardly any response to either food or inhalation allergens. Our results indicate an important interplay between common immunological diseases in children. The combination of two Th1-deviated diseases is associated with a suppressed immune response, whereas a combination of Th1- and Th2-dominated diseases appears to increase the general immune response. © 2006 The Author(s).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 146, no 3, 433-442 p.
type 1 diabetes, allergy, clinical immunology, coeliac disease, cytokines
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36067DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2249.2006.03228.xLocal ID: 29686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-36067DiVA: diva2:256915