Compensating strategies in collaborative remembering in very old couples
2005 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 46, no 4, 349-359 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigates collaborative memory performance in very old married couples working in two types of participant constellations, and with two types of memory tasks, i.e. working as couples, or as individuals in episodic or semantic memory tasks. Sixty-two old married couples were a priori classified as high or low on two dimensions suggested to be important for successful collaboration, i.e. responsibility (how division of responsibility was organized) and agreement (how they mutually agreed on each other's view). The episodic memory task was immediate recall of short stories. The semantic memory tasks were to answer questions about names, places, and concepts. The results suggested that: (1) groups outperformed a single individual, but (2) groups in general suffered from collaboration relative to the predicted potential in episodic tasks only, thus replicating earlier results. Nevertheless, (3) the couples scoring high on division of responsibility achieved the same productivity as nominal pairs (i.e. the predicted potential), (4) the couples scoring high on the agreement dimension showed that they were not as affected by collaboration, but then performed less well in "absolute" performance. Finally, the results were discussed in terms of optimal compensation strategies, especially for elderly couples. © 2005 The Scandinavian Psychological Associations/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 46, no 4, 349-359 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36465Local ID: 31408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-36465DiVA: diva2:257313