A capsular incision leads to a fast osteoarthritic response, but also elevated levels of activated osteogenic protein-1 in rabbit knee joint cartilage
2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, Vol. 16, no 6, 456-462 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We studied whether a small capsular incision alone, or combined with meniscectomy could induce early osteoarthritic changes in the rabbit knee. Thirty-one rabbits were operated on with a capsular incision in the left knee and meniscectomy in the right knee. Another 12 rabbits were used as controls. The rabbits were killed 3, 6 and 12 weeks after surgery. Osteoarthritic changes in the articular cartilage were evaluated by the modified Mankin score. The subchondral bone was evaluated by scintimetry (99mTc-HDP) and semiquantitative grading of histological changes. Osteogenic protein (OP-1) in its mature and pro-form was examined by immunohistochemistry. Both a capsular incision and meniscectomy induced articular cartilage fibrillation and increased bone metabolic activity during the initial weeks after surgery. Capsular incision led to lesser changes than meniscectomy. Mature OP-1 was elevated, and its pro-form reduced, in meniscectomized knees. A similar pattern was observed in knees with capsular incision. Already 3 weeks after surgery, the articular cartilage and subchondral bone showed typical signs of early osteoarthritis (OA), and a reparative response was suggested by increased intensity of OP-1 staining. As these signs were also found in knees with capsular incision only, it appears that trauma-related factors such as increased bleeding and inflammation are critical for the development of OA. Copyright © Blackwell Munksgaard 2006.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 16, no 6, 456-462 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36593DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2005.00513.xLocal ID: 31706OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-36593DiVA: diva2:257442