Involvement of the concentrative nucleoside transporter 3 and equilibrative nucleoside transporter 2 in the resistance of T-lymphoblastic cell lines to thiopurines
2006 (English)In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC, ISSN 0006-291X, E-ISSN 1090-2104, Vol. 343, no 1, 208-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mechanisms of resistance to thiopurines, 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and 6-thioguanine (6-TG) were investigated in human leukemia cell lines. We developed two 6-MP- and 6-TG-resistant cell lines from the human T-lymphoblastic cell line (MOLT-4) by prolonged exposure to these drugs. The resistant cells were highly cross resistant to 6-MP and 6-TG, and exhibited marked reduction in cellular uptake of 6-MP (70% and 80%, respectively). No significant modification of the activities of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase, thiopurine methyltransferase or inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase was observed. Real-time PCR of concentrative nucleoside transporter 3 (CNT3) and equilibrative nucleoside transporter 2 (ENT2) of resistant cells showed substantial reductions in expression of messenger RNAs. Small interfering RNA designed to silence the CNT3 and ENT2 genes down-regulated the expression of these genes in leukemia cells. These decreases were accompanied by reduction of transport of 6-MP (47% and 21%, respectively) as well as its cytocidal effect (30% and 21%, respectively). Taken together these results show that CNT3 and ENT2 play a key role in the transport of 6-MP and 6-TG by leukemia cells. From a clinical point of view determination of CNT3 and ENT2 levels in leukemia cells may be useful in predicting the efficacy of thiopurine treatment. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 343, no 1, 208-215 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36779DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.02.134Local ID: 32532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-36779DiVA: diva2:257628