The approximability of three-valued MAX CSP
2006 (English)In: SIAM journal on computing (Print), ISSN 0097-5397, E-ISSN 1095-7111, Vol. 35, no 6, 1329-1349 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the maximum constraint satisfaction problem (MAX CSP), one is given a finite collection of (possibly weighted) constraints on overlapping sets of variables, and the goal is to assign values from a given domain to the variables so as to maximize the number (or the total weight, for the weighted case) of satisfied constraints. This problem is NP-hard in general, and, therefore, it is natural to study how restricting the allowed types of constraints affects the approximability of the problem. It is known that every Boolean (that is, two-valued) MAX CSP with a finite set of allowed constraint types is either solvable exactly in polynomial time or else APX-compIete (and hence can have no polynomial-time approximation scheme unless P = NP). It has been an open problem for several years whether this result can be extended to non-Boolean MAX CSP, which is much more difficult to analyze than the Boolean case. In this paper, we make the first step in this direction by establishing this result for MAX CSP over a three-element domain. Moreover, we present a simple description of all polynomial-time solvable cases of our problem. This description uses the well-known algebraic combinatorial property of supermodularity. We also show that every hard three-valued MAX CSP contains, in a certain specified sense, one of the two basic hard MAX CSPs which are the MAXIMUM k-COLORABLE SUBGRAPH problems for k = 2, 3. © 2006 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 35, no 6, 1329-1349 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36850DOI: 10.1137/S009753970444644XLocal ID: 32763OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-36850DiVA: diva2:257699