The close relation between birth, abortion and employment rates in Sweden from 1980 to 2004
2006 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, Vol. 63, no 5, 1262-1266 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Birth and abortion rates in Sweden have fluctuated since 1980 while the proportion between the rates are the same at the beginning and end of the period. An increase in birth rates in the late 1980s resulted in a peak in 1991 and 1992, with 124,000 live births each year. Thereafter followed a steady decline in the rate until 2000, when the number of live births was about 90,000. At that point, the trend changed to an increase. The aim of this analysis was to investigate any relation between employment rates and the number of live births among women aged 20-34, and at the same time to explore the trend for abortion rates compared to the trend for live births. The relation between employment status and live birth rate is statistically more significant for women than men, and the rates have a higher correlation for the period after 1986. Young adults in this age group are vulnerable to economic cycles that can explain this covariation but the decline in birth rates in economically developed societies has multidimensional aspects and many other possible explanations. Much has been done in recent years in Sweden to decrease household inequality for families with children to avoid the risk of relative poverty, but the fact that there is no explicit health policy to reduce the abortion level that remain unchanged since the early 1980s may appear as a notable lack of strategy in a country with many other health-related goals. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 63, no 5, 1262-1266 p.
Birth rate, Employment, Abortion, Trends, Sweden, Health policy
National CategorySocial Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37036DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.03.046Local ID: 33530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-37036DiVA: diva2:257885