The immune risk phenotype is associated with IL-6 in the terminal decline stage: Findings from the Swedish NONA immune longitudinal study of very late life functioning
2006 (English)In: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, ISSN 0047-6374, E-ISSN 1872-6216, Vol. 127, no 8, 695-704 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the present NONA immune longitudinal study, we further examine the previously identified T cell immune risk phenotype (IRP), relative inflammatory activity, morbidity and 2-year mortality in very old individuals >90 years. T-cell subsets as well as the inflammatory markers IL-6, IL-10, C-reactive protein, transthyretin and albumin were evaluated. IRP and low-grade inflammation predicted 57% of observed deaths and 97% of survival over 2 years, and was not significantly affected by individuals' health status, suggesting that the physiological ageing processes of T-cell immunosenescence and low-grade inflammation are of primary importance in late life survival. IRP non-survivors showed only a minor inflammatory activity at baseline, but had in contrast to survivors developed increased activity at follow-up. The results suggest a sequence of stages for IRP individuals that begin with acquisition of CMV infection in earlier life, followed by generation of CD8+CD28- cells to control persistent CMV infection and eventually the development of an IRP. Intriguingly, we also found that rare individuals moved out of the IRP category by a process of immune suppression, including increases in IL-6 and IL-10 and decreases in the number of CD3+CD8+CD28- cells. The further characterisation of these exceptional individuals may allow insight into remedial approaches for those who remain in the IRP category until death. © 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2006. Vol. 127, no 8, 695-704 p.
Immune risk; T-cells; Inflammation; Interleukin 6; Survival
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37496DOI: 10.1016/j.mad.2006.04.003Local ID: 36405OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-37496DiVA: diva2:258345