Hypoxia inducible factor-1α is a prognostic marker in premenopausal patients with intermediate to highly differentiated breast cancer but not a predictive marker for tamoxifen response
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, Vol. 118, no 10, 2609-2616 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hypoxia is common in many solid tumours, including breast cancer. Hypoxia triggers the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), and HIF-1α has been associated with an impaired prognosis in breast cancer and down-regulation of the oestrogen receptor (ER), potentially affecting the treatment efficiency of antioestrogens. The role of HIF-1α regarding prognostic and treatment predictive information in breast cancer has not been established and we therefore analyzed HIF-1α using immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 377 premenopausal stage II breast cancers arranged in a tissue microarray. The patients were included in a randomized trial with either 2 years of tamoxifen or no adjuvant treatment. The tamoxifen treatment effect could be studied in subgroups of breast cancer and pure prognostic information could be scrutinized for untreated control patients. HIF-1α was scored as positive in 24% of the tumours and correlated positively to tumour size, Nottingham histological grade (NHG), Ki-67, Her2 and cyclin E expression and negatively to lymph node status, cyclin D1, ER and PR (progesterone receptor) expression. Surprisingly, there was no difference in tamoxifen response for patients with high or low HIF-1α expressing tumours. In lymph node-positive patients as well as NHG 1/2 tumours, high HIF-1α protein expression was significantly associated with an impaired recurrence-free survival (p = 0.014, 0.018). When analyzing the subgroup of NHG 1/2 tumours, a high HIF-1α expression was the only independent significant prognostic marker in multivariate analysis, including standard prognostic markers, suggesting that HIF-1α might be a useful prognostic marker in this subgroup of breast cancer, with a rather good but diverse prognosis. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 118, no 10, 2609-2616 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37731DOI: 10.1002/ijc.21676Local ID: 38126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-37731DiVA: diva2:258580