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Prerequisites for data sharing in emergency management: joint analysis using a real-time role-playing exercise approach
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, GIS - Geographical Information Science Group. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis explains how semi-coordinated or separated utilization of information and communication technologies may affect collaborative work between different emergency management organizations, and their capabilities to perform joint tasks during emergency responses. Another aim is to explore the modeling of emergency management and data collection methods with respect to utilization of these technologies.

The theoretical basis for the thesis consists of system science, cognitive system engineering, communication, informatics, simulation, emergency management, and command and control. Important notions are the joint cognitive systems concept and the communication infrastructure concept. The case study method and the real-time role-playing exercise approach are the main methodological approaches.

On the basis of two main studies, geospatial data and related systems are studied as an example. Study I focuses on emergency management organizations' abilities to collaborate effectively by assessing their communication infrastructure. Study II, on the other hand, highlights the emerging effects in use of data in collaborative work when responding to a forest fire scenario.

The results from the studies, and from the general work conducted and presented here, show that the semi-coordinated or separated utilization of the technologies affects (a) how well the organizations can collaborate, (b) the capabilities to carry out collaborative tasks during crises and disasters, and (c) to what extent the technology can be used in real-life situations. The results also show that the joint cognitive system notion and the real-time role-playing exercise approach provided new ways to conceptualize and study the emergency management and the command and control system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2007. , 80 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1293
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37896Local ID: 40349ISBN: 978-91-85715-93-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-37896DiVA: diva2:258745
Presentation
2007-03-13, Alan Turing, Hus E, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-10
List of papers
1. Utilization and Exchange of Geospatial Data in Swedish Emergency Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utilization and Exchange of Geospatial Data in Swedish Emergency Management
2005 (English)In: ScanGIS' 2005: proceedings of the 10th Scandinavian Research Conference on Geographical Information Sciences / [ed] H. Hauska & H. Tveite, Stockholm, Sweden: Universitetsservice US AB , 2005, 53-62 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, research investigating the current situation with respect to geospatial data (GSD) access and integration at the interorganizational level in Swedish local and regional emergency management (EM) is presented. The performed analysis resulted in a range of conceptual, organizational, administrative and ontological problems, recognized by the international research community and also identified among the studied Swedish EM organizations. Additionally, close interconnection between particular problems or groups of problems was observed in several cases. The documented findings can be seen as hindering the sharing of GSD. Moreover, development of useful GIS-based analytical and decision-support applications for day-to-day use in EM is becoming difficult without effectively sharing GSD. It is suggested to promote further research in an integrated way to understand the full complexity of the problems. Moreover, involving both the research and EM communities is seen as essential.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: Universitetsservice US AB, 2005
Keyword
Geographical information systems, geospatial data, emergency management
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32462 (URN)18368 (Local ID)91-7323-126-6 (ISBN)18368 (Archive number)18368 (OAI)
Conference
10th Scandinavian Research Conference on Geographical Information Science (ScanGIS). Stockholm, Sweden, June 13-15, 2005.
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-12-10
2. Inter-organizational Issues in ICT, GIS and GSD - Mapping Swedish Emergency Management at the Local and Regional Level
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inter-organizational Issues in ICT, GIS and GSD - Mapping Swedish Emergency Management at the Local and Regional Level
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM) / [ed] Van de Walle, B. & Carlé, B., Tilburg, Netherlands: Tilburg University , 2005, 75-82 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Inter-organizational issues are very challenging in emergency management (EM). In this paper, aspects of information and communication technologies (ICT), geographical information systems (GIS) and geospatial data (GSD) in the Swedish EM system, an EM system involving a large number of EM organizations, are reported based on a case study. The issues concerned include separated ICT & GIS development between organizations and formation of technological coalitions, problems of identification and access of GSD, located through the large number organizations, as well as uncoordinated launching of web-based GIS service. Possible implications of this situation for command and control are discussed. Additionally, areas for further research are suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tilburg, Netherlands: Tilburg University, 2005
Keyword
Emergency management, ICT, GIS, inter-organizational cooperation, geospatial data exchange, services
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32464 (URN)18370 (Local ID)90-7697-109-9 (ISBN)18370 (Archive number)18370 (OAI)
Conference
2nd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM), Brussels, Belgium. April 18-20 2005.
Note

Mike Meleshkin Award for best ISCRAM 2005 PhD student paper received.

Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-12-10
3. A real-time role-playing exercise as a methodology to support command and control research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A real-time role-playing exercise as a methodology to support command and control research
2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM), Newark, New Jersey, USA: New Jersey Institute of Technology , 2006, 559-568 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, methodological issues in research and training of complex command and control structures in emergency management are addressed. In particular, a methodological approach combining real-time role-playing exercise, after action review and observations is presented. An explorative study - ALFA-05 - utilizing this approach is described. A brief overview of methodological aspects of preparation and execution is given. Further, experience gained and methodological lessons learned are also discussed. Finally, real-time role-playing exercise in combination with other methods is suggested as a feasible method for researchers and exercise managers to tackle present and future command and control in complex settings, where interaction and communication are in focus. In addition, areas for further development of the real-time role-playing exercises as a research method are suggested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Newark, New Jersey, USA: New Jersey Institute of Technology, 2006
Keyword
Role-playing exercise, After action review, Command and control, Complexity, Collaboration, Emergency response
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34229 (URN)21046 (Local ID)90-9020-601-9 (ISBN)21046 (Archive number)21046 (OAI)
Conference
3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM). Newark, New Jersey., May 13-17, 2006)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-10

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