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Ontology as conceptual schema when modelling historical maps for database storage
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, GIS - Geographical Information Science Group. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sweden has an enormous treasure in its vast number of large-scale historical maps from a period of 400 years made for different purposes, that we call map series. The maps are also very time and regional dependent with respect to their concepts. A large scanning project by Lantmäteriverket will make most of these maps available as raster images. In many disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, like history, human geography and archaeology, historical maps are of great importance as a source of information. They are used frequently in different studies for a variety of problems. A full and systematic analyse of this material from a database perspective has so far not been conducted. During the last decade or two, it has been more and more common to use data from historical maps in GIS-analysis. In this thesis a novel approach to model these maps is tested. The method is based on the modelling of each map series as its own ontology, thus focusing on the unique concepts of each map series. The scope of this work is a map series covering the province of Gotland produced during the period 1693-1705. These maps have extensive text descriptions concerned with different aspects of the mapped features. Via a code marking system they are attached to the maps. In this thesis a semantic analysis and an ontology over all the concepts found in the maps and text descriptions are presented. In our project we model the maps as close to the original structure as possible with a very data oriented view. Furthermore; we demonstrate how this ontology can be used as a conceptual schema for a logical E/R database schema. The Ontology is described in terms of the Protégé meta-model and the E/R schema in UML. The mapping between the two is a set of elementary rules, which are easy for a human to comprehend, but hard to automate. The E/R schema is implemented in a demonstration system. Examples of some different applications which are feasibly to perform by the system are presented. These examples go beyond the traditional use of historical maps in GIS today. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2007. , 52 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1306
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-38254Local ID: 43286ISBN: 978-91-85715-40-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-38254DiVA: diva2:259103
Presentation
2007-04-03, Herbert Simon, Hus E, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-18
List of papers
1. Ontology over the Historical Maps of Gotland 1693-1705
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ontology over the Historical Maps of Gotland 1693-1705
2005 (English)In: ScanGIS' 2005: proceedings of the 10th Scandinavian Research Conference on Geographical Information Sciences / [ed] Hans Hauska and Håvard Tveite, Stockholm: Department of Planning and Environment, Kungliga Tekniska högskolan , 2005Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In many disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, like histo-ry, human geography and archeology, historical maps are of great importance as a source of information. They are used frequently in different studies for a vari-ety of problems. Since the last decade or two, it has been more and more com-mon to use data from historical maps in GIS-analysis. On Gotland, the large-scale map production has a more then 300-year history. There are several differ-ent map generations that are produced for different purposes. The scope of this work is a map series produced over the province of Gotland in 1693-1705. These maps have extensive text descriptions of different aspects of the mapped features. Via a code marking system they are attached to the maps. In this work a semantic analysis and an ontology over all the concepts found in the maps and text descriptions will be presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Planning and Environment, Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2005
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102680 (URN)91-7323-126-6 (ISBN)
Conference
ScanGIS' 2005: the 10th Scandinavian Research Conference on Geographical Information Sciences. 13th-15th June 2005, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2013-12-18 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2013-12-18
2. Ontology as Conceptual Schema in Database Modelling of Historical Maps
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ontology as Conceptual Schema in Database Modelling of Historical Maps
2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the Internationa Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems (SITIS'2006), 2006Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sweden has an enormous treasure in its vast number of large-scale historical maps from a period of nearly 400 years. These are frequently used in temporal studies and different kinds of historical and archaeological research problems. A full and systematic analyse of this material from a data modelling perspective has not been conducted. In a prior article, a conccpnml analysis resulting in an ontolney for the Gotlandic maps of 1693-1705 (GM1700) was presented. In this paper it is demonstrated how this ontology can be used as a conceptual schema for a logical E/R database schema. The Ontology is described in the terms of the Protege mcta-model and the E/R schema in UML. The mapping between the two is a set of elementary guidance rules, which is easy for a human to comprehend, but hard to automate. The E/R schema is implemented in a DBMS- and a GIS system.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102681 (URN)
Conference
Internationa Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems (SITIS'2006), December 16-21 2006 in Hammamet, Tunisia.
Available from: 2013-12-18 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2013-12-18
3. Att hitta ny kunskap i historiska kartor med GIS och databaser [Example applications of historical maps in GIS and databases]
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att hitta ny kunskap i historiska kartor med GIS och databaser [Example applications of historical maps in GIS and databases]
2008 (English)In: Kart og Plan, ISSN 0047-3278, Vol. 68, no 1, 50-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Historical maps are a vital and often used source in a variety of disciplines and applications. Since a decade or two, they have moved into the GIS-community. A large scanning project by Lantmäteriverket will make most of the maps in Sweden available as raster images. Two major projects have modelled the maps for storage in databases, but they have several drawbacks. In our project we model the maps as close to the original structure as possible with a very data oriented view. In this article some different applications are presented, which goes beyond the traditional use of historical maps in GIS. These brief examples involve data mining, statistics, retrogressive analysis and hypothesis testing.

Keyword
Historical maps, GIS, database, applications, analysis
National Category
Engineering and Technology Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102684 (URN)
Note

At the time for thesis presentation publication was in status: Manuscript

Available from: 2013-12-18 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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