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User-centric critiquing in command and control: the DKExpert and ComPlan approaches
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes two approaches for using critiquing as decision support for military mission planning. In our work, we have drawn from both human-centered research as well as results on decision support systems research for military mission planning when devising approaches for knowledge acquisition and decision support for mission planning.

Our two approaches build on a common set of requirements which have been developed as the consequence of both literature analyses as well as interview studies. In short, these criteria state that critiquing systems should be developed with transparency, ease of use and integration in traditional work flow in mind. The use of these criteria is illustrated in two approaches to decision support in two different settings: a collaborative real-time war-gaming simulation and a planning tool for training mission commanders.

Our first approach is demonstrated by the DKExpert system, in which end-users can create feedback mechanisms for their own needs when playing a two-sided war-game scenario in the DKE simulation environment. In DKExpert, users can choose to trigger feedback during the game by instructing a rule engine to recognize critical situations. Our second approach, ComPlan, builds on the insights on knowledge and planning representation gained from DKExpert and introduces an explicit representation of planning operations, thereby allowing for better analysis of planning operations and user-controlled feedback. ComPlan also demonstrates a design for critiquing support systems that respects the traditional work practice of mission planners while allowing for intelligent analysis of military plans. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2007. , 76 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1309
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-38256Local ID: 43288ISBN: 978-91-85715-15-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-38256DiVA: diva2:259105
Presentation
2007-05-21, Visionen, Hus B, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-18
List of papers
1. Development of Critiquing Systems in Networked Organizations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of Critiquing Systems in Networked Organizations
2004 (English)In: Human Error, Safety and Systems Development, Springer US , 2004, 31-43 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Recently, network organizations have been suggested as a solution for future crisis management and warfare. This will, however, have consequences for the development of decision support and critiquing systems. This paper suggests that there are special conditions that need to be taken into account when providing the means for decision-making in networked organizations. Hence, three research problems are suggested that need to be investigated in order to develop useful critiquing systems for future command and control systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer US, 2004
Series
IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, ISSN 1868-4238 ; 152
Keyword
decision support, critiquing systems, crisis management
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23805 (URN)10.1007/1-4020-8153-7_3 (DOI)3328 (Local ID)978-1-4020-8152-1 (ISBN)3328 (Archive number)3328 (OAI)
Conference
IFIP 18th World Computer Congress TC13/WC13.5 7th Working Conference on Human Error, Safety and Systems Development 22–27 August 2004 Toulouse, France
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2015-06-02
2. Critique and Visualization as decision support for mass-casualty emergency management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Critique and Visualization as decision support for mass-casualty emergency management
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the Second International ISCRAM Conference, Brussels, Belgium: Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium , 2005, 155- p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Emergency management in highly dynamic situations consists of exploring options to solve a planning problem. This task can be supported through the use of visual cues that are based on domain knowledge of the current domain. We present an approach to use visualization of critical constraints in timelines and hierarchical views as decision support in mass-casualty emergency situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brussels, Belgium: Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium, 2005
Keyword
Decision support, crisis management, visualization
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33968 (URN)20133 (Local ID)9076971099 (ISBN)9789076971094 (ISBN)20133 (Archive number)20133 (OAI)
Conference
Second International ISCRAM Conference. Brussels, Belgium. April 18-20 2005.
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-18
3. Simulation as a tool for problem detection in rescue operation planning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simulation as a tool for problem detection in rescue operation planning
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the Conference on Modeling and Simulation for Public Safety: SimSafe 2005, 2005Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Management and response in the case of an emergency is a very demanding task. Rescue missiuns can involve numerous individuals and teams working together to save lives and property. The outcome of a rescue mission depends to a large extent on the responding units' ability to co-operate and the overall co-ordination of their efforts. This in turn makes it imponant to investigate how to support the decision makers in emergency situations.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102679 (URN)
Conference
Conference on Modeling and Simulation for Public Safety: SimSafe 2005, Linköping, Sweden, May 30, 2005
Available from: 2013-12-18 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2014-01-21
4. Combining Technical and Human-Centered Strategies for Decision Support in Command and Control - The ComPlan Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Combining Technical and Human-Centered Strategies for Decision Support in Command and Control - The ComPlan Approach
2008 (English)In: ISCRAM2008 Proceedings of the 5th International ISCRAM Conference / [ed] F. Fiedrich and B. Van de Walle, 2008, 504-515 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

ComPlan (A Combined, Collaborative Command and Control Planning tool) is an approach to providing knowledge-based decision support in the context of command and control. It combines technical research on automated planning tools with human-centered research on mission planning. At its core, ComPlan uses interconnected views of a planning situation to present and manipulate aspects of a scenario. By using domain knowledge flexibly, it presents immediate and directly visible feedback on constraint violations of a plan, facilitates mental simulation of events, and provides support for synchronization of concurrently working mission planners. The conceptual framework of ComPlan is grounded on three main principles from human-centered research on command and control: transparency, graceful regulation, and event-based feedback. As a result, ComPlan provides a model for applying a human-centered perspective on plan authoring tools for command and control, and a demonstration for how to apply that model in an integrated plan-authoring environment.

Keyword
Decision support, mixed-initiative planning, critiquing, cognitive systems engineering
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-42584 (URN)66339 (Local ID)66339 (Archive number)66339 (OAI)
Conference
5th International ISCRAM Conference, May 4-7, Washington, DC, USA
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-18Bibliographically approved

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