The paper I wish to present is an empirical paper, based on completed research. It-s a re-analyse of the empirical data previously presented in my dissertation from 2005, titled -Leader Development in Working Life. Contexts, Actors and (Dis)similarities between Educational Cultures-. The main focus of this paper is to discuss the similarities and dissimilarities of interpretations of global ideas pertaining to leadership and leadership development by various organizations within the same national context. More specifically, do Swedish organizations, which represent widely different branches of trade and sectors of the labour market, have more or less in common when it comes to their leadership development activities? If so, how can we best explain these differences/similarities? The primary theoretical perspective used in this paper is that of new institutionalism in organizational analysis theory, with a particular emphasis on the European/Nordic variant developed by Barbara Czarniawska, Guje Sevón, Kjell Arne Røvik among others. This model focuses on the translation of ideas rather then the notion of diffusion. Another influence in the current paper is the transformational model of social activity, originally presented by Roy Bhaskar and further developed by Margret Archer among others. Of particular interest is the idea of viewing individuals and society as two different kinds of powers, but with obvious points of contact between them. The empirical data was gathered during a two-year period from six different organizations within the Swedish labour market, representing both public and private sectors and different branches of trade. In depth analyses of written documents, multiple on site observations, and interviews with persons responsible for leader development ultimately served as the backbone for this study. This process resulted in six detailed case studies that were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. In addition to these case studies, empirical data has also been obtained from current publication in Swedish press as well as course offering made by external leadership development consulting organizations.