Apoptotic eosinophils in sputum from asthmatic patients correlate negatively with levels of IL-5 and eotaxin
2007 (English)In: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, Vol. 101, no 7, 1447-1454 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Eosinophilic inflammation of the airways is a key characteristic of asthma. A defect in eosinophil apoptosis might contribute to the chronic tissue eosinophilia associated with asthma. Objective: Our purpose was to examine whether the occurrence of apoptotic eosinophils in induced sputum from asthmatic patients correlate with interleukin (IL)-5 and eotaxin. Methods: Thirty stable and 30 exacerbated asthmatic patients were recruited. Twenty healthy subjects were enrolled as a control group. Induced sputum was obtained from asthmatic patients and from control subjects. The number of apoptotic eosinophils in sputum was assessed by flow cytometry. In sputum supernatant, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) was measured by sensitive radioimmunoassay, and IL-5 and eotaxin by sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbant assay. Results: Levels of eosinophils, apoptotic eosinophils, IL-5, ECP and eotaxin from asthmatic patients were higher than those from healthy subjects. Thirty exacerbated asthmatics showed higher proportions of eosinophils (median 29.3%, range 13.4%-40.9%), more detectable levels of IL-5 (50.44, 32.99-67.01 pg/ml) and eotaxin (644.6, 197.4-937.7 pg/ml) in their sputum than the patients with stable asthma (P < 0.05). There were significant inverse correlations between the levels of sputum IL-5 and the proportion of sputum eosinophil apoptosis in patients with exacerbated and stable asthma (r = - 0.85 and -0.79, P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Also inverse correlations were found between the levels of eotaxin and the proportion of sputum eosinophil apoptosis in exacerbated (r = - 0.85, P < 0.01), or stable asthma (r = - 0.69, P < 0.05). Additional positive corrlations between the levels of sputum IL-5 and eotaxin in either exacerbatated (r = 0.93, P < 0.01) or stable asthma (r = 0.82, P < 0.05) were observed. Conclusions: Apoptosis of eosinophils might be suppressed by proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines such as IL-5 and eotaxin leading to their accumulation in the lung. Stimulation of eosinophils in airway with IL-5 and eotaxin may play a crucial role in allergic inflammation. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 101, no 7, 1447-1454 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39201DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2007.01.026Local ID: 47225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-39201DiVA: diva2:260050