Nurses' reasoning process during care planning taking pressure ulcer prevention as an example. A think-aloud study
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, Vol. 44, no 7, 1109-1119 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Nurses' clinical reasoning is of great importance for the delivery of safe and efficient care. Pressure ulcer prevention allows a variety of aspects within nursing to be viewed. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe both the process and the content of nurses' reasoning during care planning at different nursing homes, using pressure ulcer prevention as an example. Design: A qualitative research design was chosen. Settings: Seven different nursing homes within one community were included. Participants: Eleven registered nurses were interviewed. Method: The methods used were think-aloud technique, protocol analysis and qualitative content analysis. Client simulation illustrating transition was used. The case used for care planning was in three parts covering the transition from hospital until 3 weeks in the nursing home. Result: Most nurses in this study conducted direct and indirect reasoning in a wide range of areas in connection with pressure ulcer prevention. The reasoning focused different parts of the nursing process depending on part of the case. Complex assertations as well as strategies aiming to reduce cognitive strain were rare. Nurses involved in direct nursing care held a broader reasoning than consultant nurses. Both explanations and actions based on older ideas and traditions occurred. Conclusions: Reasoning concerning pressure ulcer prevention while care planning was dominated by routine thinking. Knowing the person over a period of time made a more complex reasoning possible. The nurses' experience, knowledge together with how close to the elderly the nurses work seem to be important factors that affect the content of reasoning. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 44, no 7, 1109-1119 p.
Clinical reasoning, elderly care, nursing homes, patient care planning, protocol analysis
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39377DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.04.016Local ID: 48088OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-39377DiVA: diva2:260226