Selective iNOS inhibition enhances spontaneous gallbladder motility in the Australian possum
2007 (English)In: Neurogastroenterology and Motility, ISSN 1350-1925, Vol. 19, no 6, 497-503 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Gallbladder inflammation is a common and painful disease. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) plays a major role in inflammatory diseases, and iNOS inhibitors are being developed as therapeutic agents. Reports are inconsistent regarding iNOS expression in normal gallbladder. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of iNOS inhibition on spontaneous gallbladder motility. mRNA extracted from normal possum gallbladders was analysed by PCR. Gallbladder contractility was evaluated using a highly selective iNOS inhibitor AR-C102222AA (AR-C) in in vitro muscle strips (0.1-10 000 μm) and in vivo (0.1-30 μmol kg-1) experiments. Gene expression analysis revealed the presence of iNOS mRNA in normal gallbladder (n = 3). In vitro, AR-C (0.1-1000 μmol L-1) produced a concentration-dependent increase in spontaneous gallbladder contractile activity and basal tension (P < 0.05, n = 6). The maximum effect was a 1.8-fold increase in activity and 2.1-fold increase in basal tension. Pretreatment of muscle strips with tetrodotoxin (1 μmol L -1) did not block the AR-C-induced response (n = 5). In vivo, AR-C (30 μmol kg-1, i.v.) increased gallbladder contraction frequency (P < 0.05, n = 8). These data suggest that iNOS is continually expressed in the normal gallbladder, which presumably releases low levels of nitric oxide and in turn may modulate spontaneous gallbladder motility. AR-C may be a beneficial treatment for patients suffering from acute cholecystitis. © 2007 The Authors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 19, no 6, 497-503 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39578DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2007.00940.xLocal ID: 49845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-39578DiVA: diva2:260427