The Effect of Geographical Information Systems on a Collaborative Command and Control Task
2007 (English)In: Proceedings ISCRAM2007 / [ed] B. Van de Walle, P. Burghardt and C. Nieuwenhuis, Delft, Nederland: Delft University of Technology , 2007, 191-200 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
This paper tests the claimed benefits of using geographical information systems (GIS) in emergency response operations. An experimental study comparing command teams using GIS and paper-based maps is presented. The study utilized a combined approach using microworld simulations together with physical artefacts. Participants in the experiment took the role of command teams, facing the task of extinguishing a simulated forest fire. A total of 132 persons, forming 22 teams, participated in the study. In eleven of the teams, the participants were given access to GIS with positioning of fire-brigades as well as sensor data about the fire outbreak. In the other eleven teams, the participants were using paper-based maps. The result shows that teams using GIS performed significantly better than teams with paper-based maps in terms of saved area. Communication volume was considerably reduced in the case of GIS teams. Implications of these results on GIS are discussed as well as methodological considerations for future research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Delft, Nederland: Delft University of Technology , 2007. 191-200 p.
Geographical information systems, command and control, emergency response, microworld simulations, communication, performance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39772Local ID: 51193ISBN: 978-90-5487-417-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-39772DiVA: diva2:260621
ISCRAM 2007 - Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and ManagementDelft, the Netherlands, May 13-16 2007