Identification of rat brainstem neuronal structures activated during cancer-induced anorexia
2007 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, ISSN 0021-9967, E-ISSN 1096-9861, Vol. 504, no 3, 275-286 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In cancer-related anorexia, body weight loss is paradoxically associated with reduced appetite, which is contrary to the situation during starvation, implying that the normal coupling of food intake to energy expenditure is disarranged. Here we examined brainstem mechanisms that may underlie suppression of food intake in a rat model of cancer anorexia. Cultured Morris 7777 hepatoma cells were injected subcutaneously in Buffalo rats, resulting in slowly growing tumor and reduced food intake and body weight loss after about 10 days. The brainstem was examined for induced expression of the transcription factors Fos and FosB as signs of neuronal activation. The results showed that anorexia and retarded body weight growth were associated with Fos protein expression in the area postrema, the general visceral region of the nucleus of the solitary tract, and the external lateral parabrachial nucleus, structures that also display Fos after peripheral administration of satiating or anorexigenic stimuli. The magnitude of the Fos expression was specifically related to the size of induced tumor, and not associated with weight loss per se, because it was not present in pair-fed or food-deprived rats. It also appeared to be independent of proinflammatory cytokines, as determined by the absence of increased cytokine levels in plasma and induced cytokine and cyclooxygenase expression in the brain. The findings thus provide evidence that cancer-associated anorexia and weight loss in this model is associated with activation of brainstem circuits involved in the suppression of food intake, and suggest that this occurs by inflammatory-independent mechanisms. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 504, no 3, 275-286 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-40433DOI: 10.1002/cne.21407Local ID: 53241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-40433DiVA: diva2:261282