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From Images to Traffic Behavior - A UAV Tracking and Monitoring Application
2007 (English)In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION), IEEE conference proceedings, 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An implemented system for achieving high level situation awareness about traffic situations in an urban area is described. It takes as input sequences of color and thermal images which are used to construct and maintain qualitative object structures and to recognize the traffic behavior of the tracked vehicles in real time. The system is tested both in simulation and on data collected during test flights. To facilitate the signal to symbol transformation and the easy integration of the streams of data from the sensors with the GIS and the chronicle recognition system, DyKnow, a stream-based knowledge processing middleware, is used. It handles the processing of streams, including the temporal aspects of merging and synchronizing streams, and provides suitable abstractions to allow high level reasoning and narrow the sense reasoning gap.

Keyword [en]
knowledge representation, information fusion, ai
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-40855 (URN)10.1109/ICIF.2007.4408103 (DOI)54316 (Local ID)978-0-662-45804-3 (ISBN)978-0-662-47830-0 (ISBN)oai:DiVA.org:liu-40855 (OAI)
Conference
The 10th International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION), 9-12 July, Québec, Canada
Available from2009-10-10 Created:2009-10-10 Last updated:2011-11-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Increasing Autonomy of Unmanned Aircraft Systems Through the Use of Imaging Sensors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing Autonomy of Unmanned Aircraft Systems Through the Use of Imaging Sensors
2011 (English)Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The range of missions performed by Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) has been steadily growing in the past decades thanks to continued development in several disciplines. The goal of increasing the autonomy of UAS's is widening the range of tasks which can be carried out without, or with minimal, external help. This thesis presents methods for increasing specific aspects of autonomy of UAS's operating both in outdoor and indoor environments where cameras are used as the primary sensors.

First, a method for fusing color and thermal images for object detection, geolocation and tracking for UAS's operating primarily outdoors is presented. Specifically, a method for building saliency maps where human body locations are marked as points of interest is described. Such maps can be used in emergency situations to increase the situational awareness of first responders or a robotic system itself. Additionally, the same method is applied to the problem of vehicle tracking. A generated stream of geographical locations of tracked vehicles increases situational awareness by allowing for qualitative reasoning about, for example, vehicles overtaking, entering or leaving crossings.

Second, two approaches to the UAS indoor localization problem in the absence of GPS-based positioning are presented. Both use cameras as the main sensors and enable autonomous indoor ight and navigation. The first approach takes advantage of cooperation with a ground robot to provide a UAS with its localization information. The second approach uses marker-based visual pose estimation where all computations are done onboard a small-scale aircraft which additionally increases its autonomy by not relying on external computational power.

Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 96 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1510
Keyword
UAV, UAS, UAV autonomy, human-body detection, color-thermal image fusion, vehicle tracking, geolocation, UAV indoor navigation
National Category
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71295 (URN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2011:49 (Local ID)978-91-7393-034-5 (ISBN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2011:49 (Archive number)LiU-Tek-Lic-2011:49 (OAI)
Presentation
2011-11-04, Alan Turing, Hus E, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from2011-11-28 Created:2011-10-10 Last updated:2011-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's fulltexthttp://www.ida.liu.se/~frehe/publications/fusion2007.pdf

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Heintz, FredrikRudol, PiotrDoherty, Patrick
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