Nature of electron states and symmetry breaking in quantum point contacts according to the local spin density approximation
2008 (English)In: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, Vol. 20, no 16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electron states and local magnetization in quantum point contacts (QPCs) with different geometries and applied gate voltages are examined for a model GaAs/AlGaAs device. Using the local spin density approximation (LSDA) we recover ferromagnetic spatially split solutions in the pinch-off regime as well as antisymmetric solutions that occur with decreasing gate voltage. These kinds of spin states, which may appear in a repeated fashion in the few-electron regime, are precursors to an extended ferromagnetic state that may be associated with the 0.7 conductance anomaly. We briefly comment on some recent experiments indicating the presence of bound states (Yoon et al 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 136805). We have not found any indication of such states but suggest that the accumulations of spin and charge at the two ends of a QPC and associated singlet and triplet states are relevant in this context. © 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 20, no 16
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-42344DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/20/16/164203Local ID: 62691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-42344DiVA: diva2:263200