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Joint Estimation of Mutual Coupling, Element Factor, and Phase Center in Antenna Arrays
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Communication Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7599-4367
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
2007 (English)In: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, ISSN 1687-1472, E-ISSN 1687-1499, Vol. 2007Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel method is proposed for estimation of the mutual coupling matrix of an antenna array. The method extends previous work by incorporating an unknown phase center and the element factor (antenna radiation pattern) in the model, and treating them as nuisance parameters during the estimation of coupling. To facilitate this, a parametrization of the element factor based on a truncated Fourier series is proposed. The performance of the proposed estimator is illustrated and compared to other methods using data from simulations and measurements, respectively. The Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) for the estimation problem is derived and used to analyze how the required amount of measurement data increases when introducing additional degrees of freedom in the element factor model. We find that the penalty in SNR is 2.5 dB when introducing a model with two degrees of freedom relative to having zero degrees of freedom. Finally, the tradeoff between the number of degrees of freedom and the accuracy of the estimate is studied. A linear array is treated in more detail and the analysis provides a specific design tradeoff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 2007
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Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-42478DOI: 10.1155/2007/30684Local ID: 64919OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-42478DiVA: diva2:263335
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13

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Larsson, Erik G.

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