Lipoelectric modification of ion channel voltage gating by polyunsaturated fatty acids
2008 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 95, no 5, 2242-2253 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have beneficial effects on epileptic seizures and cardiac arrhythmia. We report that ω-3 and ω-6 all-cis-PUFAs affected the voltage dependence of the Shaker K channel by shifting the conductance versus voltage and the gating charge versus voltage curves in negative direction along the voltage axis. Uncharged methyl esters of the PUFAs did not affect the voltage dependence, whereas changes of pH and charge mutations on the channel surface affected the size of the shifts. This suggests an electrostatic effect on the channel's voltage sensors. Monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids, as well as trans-PUFAs did not affect the voltage dependence. This suggests that fatty acid tails with two or more cis double bonds are required to place the negative carboxylate charge of the PUFA in a position to affect the channel's voltage dependence. We propose that charged lipophilic compounds could play a role in regulating neuronal excitability by electrostatically affecting the channel's voltage sensor. We believe this provides a new approach for pharmacological treatment that is voltage sensor pharmacology. © 2008 by the Biophysical Society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 95, no 5, 2242-2253 p.
Animals Docosahexaenoic Acids/metabolism Electrophysiology Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/analysis/*physiology Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Ion Channel Gating/*physiology Magnesium/physiology Membrane Potentials Oocytes/*physiology Patch-Clamp Techniques Shaker S
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-43208DOI: 10.1529/biophysj.108.130757Local ID: 72950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-43208DiVA: diva2:264067