Platelet PAR1 receptor density-Correlation to platelet activation response and changes in exposure after platelet activation
2008 (English)In: Thrombosis Research, ISSN 0049-3848, E-ISSN 1879-2472, Vol. 121, no 5, 681-688 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Introduction: A polymorphism (-14 A/T) affecting PAR1 expression on the platelet surface has recently been identified. A two-fold variation in receptor density, which correlated with the platelet response to PAR1-activating peptide (PAR1-AP), has been reported. Materials and methods: We used flow cytometry to measure the correlation between the number of PAR1 receptors and platelet activation. We also measured the changes in receptor exposure after platelet activation with PAR1-AP, ADP, PAR4-AP or a collagen-related peptide (CRP). Results: In our study, the PAR1 receptor number varied almost four-fold, from 547 to 2063 copies/platelet (mean ± S.D. 1276 ± 320, n = 70). The number of PAR1 receptors on resting platelets correlated to platelet fibrinogen binding and P-selectin expression following platelet activation with PAR1-AP (r2 = 0.30, p < 0.01 and r2 = 0.15, p < 0.05, respectively, n = 36). The correlation was not improved by exclusion of the ADP-component from the PAR1-AP-induced response. We found a trend, but no statistically significant differences in PAR1 receptor number and platelet reactivity between A/A individuals and T/A or T/T individuals. Ex vivo activation with PAR1-AP decreased PAR1 surface exposure to 71 ± 19% of the exposure on resting platelets (mean ± S.D., p < 0.01, n = 19), while activation by ADP, PAR4-AP or CRP significantly increased the exposure, to 151 ± 27%, 120 ± 21% and 138 ± 25%, respectively (n = 11, 11 and 10). Conclusions: This study shows a large variation in PAR1 receptor number in healthy individuals, a variation correlated to the platelet activation response. We found a significant reduction in PAR1 surface exposure after adding PAR1-AP, while activation with ADP, PAR4-AP or CRP increased the exposure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 121, no 5, 681-688 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-43417DOI: 10.1016/j.thromres.2007.06.010Local ID: 73781OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-43417DiVA: diva2:264276