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Implicit memory bias for eating- and body appearance-related sentences in eating disorders: An application of Jacoby's white noise task
Department of Psychology , Uppsala University , Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Psychology , Uppsala University , Uppsala, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Department of Clinical Neuroscience , Psychiatry Section , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
2008 (English)In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 37, no 3, 135-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Jacoby's white noise task and an explicit recognition task were used to investigate whether individuals with eating disorders demonstrate implicit memory bias and explicit memory bias, respectively, for information related to eating and body appearance. Included were 33 women with eating disorders (seven with anorexia nervosa and 26 with bulimia nervosa), 29 with nonclinical eating disorder‐related concerns, and 36 healthy controls. Results showed partial support for implicit memory bias but no support for explicit memory bias. These findings suggest that eating disorders may be characterized by relative initial automatic bias for eating disorder‐relevant information but not by bias at later stages of information processing. However, previous studies have demonstrated explicit memory bias in eating disorders, which is inconsistent with this interpretation. Future research is required to clarify the precise cognitive biases associated with eating disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2008. Vol. 37, no 3, 135-145 p.
Keyword [en]
implicit memory, explicit memory, Jacoby's white noise paradigm, eating disorders
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-43556DOI: 10.1080/16506070701664821PubMedID: 18608315Local ID: 74164OAI: diva2:264416
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2015-11-05Bibliographically approved

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Hällgren, MathiasAndersson, Gerhard
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Technical AudiologyFaculty of Health SciencesClinical and Social PsychologyFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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