Electron interaction and spin effects in quantum wires, quantum dots and quantum point contacts: A first-principles mean-field approach
2008 (English)In: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, Vol. 20, no 16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have developed a mean-field first-principles approach for studying electronic and transport properties of low dimensional lateral structures in the integer quantum Hall regime. The electron interactions and spin effects are included within the spin density functional theory in the local density approximation where the conductance, the density, the effective potentials and the band structure are calculated on the basis of the Green's function technique. In this paper we present a systematic review of the major results obtained on the energetics, spin polarization, effective g factor, magnetosubband and edge state structure of split-gate and cleaved-edge overgrown quantum wires as well as on the conductance of quantum point contacts (QPCs) and open quantum dots. In particular, we discuss how the spin-resolved subband structure, the current densities, the confining potentials, as well as the spin polarization of the electron and current densities in quantum wires and antidots evolve when an applied magnetic field varies. We also discuss the role of the electron interaction and spin effects in the conductance of open systems focusing our attention on the 0.7 conductance anomaly in the QPCs. Special emphasis is given to the effect of the electron interaction on the conductance oscillations and their statistics in open quantum dots as well as to interpretation of the related experiments on the ultralow temperature saturation of the coherence time in open dots. © 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 20, no 16
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44330DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/20/16/164217Local ID: 76342OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-44330DiVA: diva2:265192