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Abnormal Antinuclear Antibody Titers Are Less Common Than Generally Assumed in Established Cases of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Rheumatology in Östergötland.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
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2008 (English)In: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, Vol. 35, 1994-2000 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate antinuclear antibody (ANA) tests in established cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy (F-ANA) and enzyme-immunoassays detecting antinucleosomal antibodies (ANSA-EIA). METHODS: Sera from 50 patients with SLE and 65 patients with RA were analyzed regarding abnormal concentrations of F-ANA (serum dilution >/= 1:200 = 95th percentile among 300 healthy blood donors). The sera were also analyzed with 2 commercial ANSA-EIA kits. RESULTS: An abnormal F-ANA titer occurred in 76% of the SLE sera compared to 23% in RA, and was not related to present use of antirheumatic drugs. At dilution 1:50, 84% of the SLE sera were F-ANA-positive compared to 20% of healthy women. Forty percent and 56%, respectively, of the SLE sera tested positive in the 2 ANSA-EIA kits. By the most sensitive assay, 96% of the ANSA-positive SLE sera produced a homogenous (chromosomal) F-ANA staining pattern compared to 18% of the ANSA-negative SLE sera. Ten of the 15 F-ANA-positive RA sera (63%) generated homogenous F-ANA staining and 13 (20%) tested positive in the most sensitive ANSA-EIA, but with no correlation to the F-ANA staining pattern. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity of F-ANA at an abnormal titer was surprisingly low (76%) in established cases of SLE. ANSA occurred in 56% of the SLE sera, but also in a fair number (20%) of RA sera. Practically all ANSA-positive SLE sera were identified by chromosomal F-ANA staining. We conclude that the antigen-specific antinucleosomal EIA does not have high enough diagnostic specificity to justify use of this analysis for routine diagnostic purposes.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 35, 1994-2000 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44399Local ID: 76503OAI: diva2:265261
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2015-08-31

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Sjöwall, ChristopherDahle, CharlotteSkogh, Thomas
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Faculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Rheumatology in ÖstergötlandRheumatology
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