Effects of Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 and its terpenelactones on angiotensin converting enzyme activity and nitric oxide production in human endothelial cells
2008 (English)In: Journal of traditional medicines, ISSN 1880-1447, Vol. 3, no 2, 42-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effects of Ginkga bi/aba (Ginkgoaceae), its terpene-Iactones (ginkgolide A, B, C and bilobalide), biflavonols (quercetin), biflavones (sciadopitysin) and proanthocyanidins (procyanidin) on angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and nitric oxlde (NO) production in cultured human endothelial cells from umbilical veins (HUVEC) were investigated. A dose-dependent significant inhibition of the ACE activity was observed arter 10 min incubation with Ginkga bi/aba extract EGb 761 and quercetin. No significant effects due to terpene-Iactones or sciadopitysin were seen. Incubation with Ginkga bi/aba extract, quercetin, sciadopitysin and procyanidin for 24 hr significantly Increased NO production. No significant effects were seen with ginkgollde A, B and C, while bilobalide induced a dose-dependent decrease in NO production. In conclusion, this study shows that Ginkga bi/aba extract Inhibits ACE activlty and increases NO production from HUVEC. A flavonol (quercetin and/or homologs) is the main component responsible for the inhibitory effect ofACE activity. Quercetin and a proanthocyandin (procyanidin) are responsible for the increases seen in NO production. These results may explain the positive effects of Ginkga bi/aba on the cardiovascular system and on cognitive function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 3, no 2, 42-51 p.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme; flavonoids; Ginkgo biloba; nitric oxide; terpene-lactones
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44475Local ID: 76784OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-44475DiVA: diva2:265337