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Advanced Theory of Mind in Children Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2010 (English)In: Communication Disorders Quarterly, ISSN 1525-7401, E-ISSN 1538-4837, Vol. 31, no 2, 86-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study focused on the attainment of Theory of Mind (ToM) in children (aged 6 to 13) with complex communication needs who used augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The AAC group (n = 14) was matched to a younger group, without disabilities, vis-à-vis nonverbal mental age. A second comparison group consisting of children with mild intellectual disabilities and matched nonverbal mental age and chronological age was also included. A test battery that included tests of cognitive and language development and tests of first- and second-order ToM understanding and understanding of more advanced ToM was used. Nonverbal intelligence proved to be a good indicator of ToM ability. Contrary to previous research, the AAC group did not differ significantly from the comparison groups on the test results. The results are discussed in terms of the necessary cognitive capacity underpinning ToM development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 31, no 2, 86-97 p.
Keyword [en]
theory of mind, cognition, language, complex communication needs
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44517DOI: 10.1177/1525740109333967Local ID: 76945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-44517DiVA: diva2:265379
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-04-09
In thesis
1. Knowing me, knowing you: Mentalization abilities of children who use augmentative and alternative communication
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowing me, knowing you: Mentalization abilities of children who use augmentative and alternative communication
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Knowing me, knowing you : Mentaliseringsförmågor hos barn som använder sig av alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation
Abstract [en]

The present thesis investigated several components important to the understanding of mentalization for children who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The result of the thesis demonstrated that non-verbal mental age correlated significantly with mentalization tasks, and that the participants did not significantly differ compared to a nonverbal age-matched group of children without disabilities. Different expression of active participation, which is necessary to be able to display mentalization in dialogue, was observed in analysed interaction. The children’s social networks were limited and consisted of very few peers, thus limiting the possibilities of active participation. The number of peers in the children’s social networks correlated significantly with aspects of the children’s mentalization ability. Children who use AAC display their mentalization abilities independently in social interaction and through e-mail messages to peers. A wider construct that will have relevance to mentalization in ordinary situations is described encompassing several different abilities. The development of these abilities is dependent on the child’s capacity for adapting a cognitive flexibility when reflecting and theorizing on what is happening in a given situation. The development of mentalization is also dependent on a child’s close friendships, active participation in interaction, functional language ability, and varied social networks consisting of both peers and adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 58 + papers 1-4 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 520Studies from the Swedish Institute for Disability Research, ISSN 1650-1128 ; 35
Keyword
Mentalization, active participation, social networks, children who use augmentative and alternative communication, Mentaliseringsfömåga, sociala nätverk, aktivt deltagande, barn som använder sig av alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61120 (URN)978-91-7393-316-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-10-15, Key 1, Hus Key, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-11-11 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2014-10-06Bibliographically approved

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Sundqvist, Annette (Anett)Rönnberg, Jerker

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