Infections and antibiotic prescribing in Swedish nursing homes: A cross-sectional study
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0036-5548, Vol. 40, 393-398 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to present and assess the treatment of infections in Swedish nursing homes. It included 58 nursing homes with 3002 residents. During 3 months, nurses in the nursing homes recorded all infections requiring a physician's opinion. Of the 889 infectious episodes, 84% were treated with antibiotics. Many of the antibiotics were issued after indirect contact with the physician (38%). Indications for antibiotics were in 55% of the cases urinary tract infections (UTI), in 17% skin and soft-tissue infections and in 15% respiratory tract infections (RTI). The most common antibiotics were penicillins (38%), followed by quinolones (23%) and trimethoprim (18%). For the major indication, lower UTI in women, half of the cases were not treated according to the recommendations. The main concerns were length of treatment and overprescribing of quinolones. For the second major diagnosis, pneumonia, the high use of doxycycline could be questioned. Continuing education on infections and their treatment in nursing homes is needed. Training should preferably include both physicians and nurses as a high proportion of antibiotics is issued without direct contact with the physician.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 40, 393-398 p.
antibiotics Swedish nursing homes
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44835DOI: 10.1080/00365540701745279Local ID: 77799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-44835DiVA: diva2:265697