Regularized iterative weighted filtered backprojection for helical cone-beam CT
2008 (English)In: Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, Vol. 35, no 9, 4173-4185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Contemporary reconstruction methods employed for clinical helical cone-beam computed tomography (CT) are analytical (noniterative) but mathematically nonexact, i.e., the reconstructed image contains so called cone-beam artifacts, especially for higher cone angles. Besides cone artifacts, these methods also suffer from windmill artifacts: alternating dark and bright regions creating spiral-like patterns occurring in the vicinity of high z-direction derivatives. In this article, the authors examine the possibility to suppress cone and windmill artifacts by means of iterative application of nonexact three-dimensional filtered backprojection, where the analytical part of the reconstruction brings about accelerated convergence. Specifically, they base their investigations on the weighted filtered backprojection method [Stierstorfer et al., Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 2209-2218 (2004)]. Enhancement of high frequencies and amplification of noise is a common but unwanted side effect in many acceleration attempts. They have employed linear regularization to avoid these effects and to improve the convergence properties of the iterative scheme. Artifacts and noise, as well as spatial resolution in terms of modulation transfer functions and slice sensitivity profiles have been measured. The results show that for cone angles up to ±2.78°, cone artifacts are suppressed and windmill artifacts are alleviated within three iterations. Furthermore, regularization parameters controlling spatial resolution can be tuned so that image quality in terms of spatial resolution and noise is preserved. Simulations with higher number of iterations and long objects (exceeding the measured region) verify that the size of the reconstructible region is not reduced, and that the regularization greatly improves the convergence properties of the iterative scheme. Taking these results into account, and the possibilities to extend the proposed method with more accurate modeling of the acquisition process, the authors believe that iterative improvement with non-exact methods is a promising technique for medical CT applications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 35, no 9, 4173-4185 p.
regularization, filtered backprojection, cone-beam CT, iterative reconstruction
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44874DOI: 10.1118/1.2966353Local ID: 78095OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-44874DiVA: diva2:265736